Class E (Commercial business and service uses)Class F1 (Learning and non-residential institutions)Class F2 (Local community uses)
UseUse Class up to 31 August 2020Use Class from 1 September 2020
General industrialB2B2
Storage or distributionB8B8
Hotels, boarding and guest housesC1C1
Residential institutionsC2C2
Secure residential institutionsC2AC2A
Dwelling housesC3C3
Houses in Multiple Occupation (3-6 residents)C4C4
Non-residential: clinics, health centres, crèches, day nurseries, day centreD1E
Gymnasiums, indoor recreations not involving motorised vehicles or firearmsD2E
Research and development of products or processesB1BE
Industrial processes (capable of being carried out in any residential area without causing detriment to the amenity of the area due to noise, b=vibration, smell, fumes, smoke, soot, ash, dust or gritB1CE
UseUse Class up to 31 August 2020Use Class from 1 September 2020
Shops other than F2A1E
Financial and professional servicesA2E
Café or restaurantA3E
Office other than a use within Class A2B1AE
Non-residential: schools, education and training centres, museums, public libraries, public halls, exhibition halls, places of worship, law courtsD1F1
Shop (not more than 280sqm) mostly selling essential goods, including food and with no other such facility within 1,000mA1F2
Hall or meeting place for the principal use of the local communityD2F2
Indoor or outdoor swimming baths, skating rinks and outdoor sports or recreations not involving motorised vehicles or firearmsD2F2
Cinemas, concert halls, bingo halls and dance hallsD2Sui Generis
Pub, wine bar or drinking establishmentA4Sui Generis
Hot food takeaway (some on-site consumption)A5Sui Generis
Includes theatres, large HMO (more than 6 people sharing), hostels, petrol filling stations, shops selling and / or displaying motor vehicles, scrap yards, retail warehouse clubs, nightclubs, launderettes, taxi or vehicle hire businesses, amusement arcades, casinos, funfairs, waste disposal installations, betting offices, pay day loan shopsSui GenerisSui Generis

NB: Change of use within the same class is not classed as “development” requiring consent. Use classes prior to 1 September 2020 will remain relevant for certain changes of use under permitted development rights until 31 July 2021. Changes of use outside of the same class which are permitted under the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) (England) Order 2012 (as amended) are generally subject to conditions and / or prior approval. Other changes would require planning permission. Existing conditions restricting use classes specifically or descriptions restricting or stating uses will continue to apply and whether the property was in lawful use may affect the operation of the new Use Classes.

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